How do you get aortic dissection? – Symptoms and causes of aortic dissection

The protection and care are two such words which finds its usages everywhere. The delicacy of each object creates an alertness to protect it and care for it. As the bud needs special care to bloom and grow, similarly there are certain things which need the same. It is the knowledge and application of it which is required for the maintenance of each product. The human beings are gifted with a complex body system which delves into multiple functions and activities.

The human body consists of several organs. In order to enable the multiple functions and avoid disorders, some protective measures are required. It is advised to undergo some proper health check-ups, which will reveal the status of body functions and abilities to continue the duties of life. It is the human body which encounters and fights with several disorders. The malfunctioning of particular organ creates trouble to keep the normal pace of life. The major organ of the body known as the heart remains very sensitive and its various components demand too much care.

In order to live longer, the normal functioning of heart is required. The aorta is considered the large artery which carries blood out from the heart. The complications arise by the transfusion of blood and the functioning of several channels of arteries. It is important to notice the changes from disorders. One comes to suffer from various diseases and aortic dissection is one of the forms. It puts one’s life into serious troubles.

The disorder named as aortic dissection occurs when the blood gets leaked from the arterial lumen and it happens in another way such as the blood may get leaked from interior of the blood vessel. The leaking of the blood results into causing splits between the middle and the inner layers of the aorta. The progression of the stage makes it possible to tear the inner layer of the aorta. Blood hemorrhages take place from ruptures of tiny vessels. The continuation of this process leads to the weakening of the inner layer of the aorta and tear could occur. Therefore, at this stage, one encounters with aortic dissection.

Symptoms

How serious is torn/Ruptured aorta

  • Sudden and severe pain in the chest or upper back region. It is often felt as a ripping sensation that extends from the neck to the back.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Severe abdominal pain.
  • Severe nausea.
  • Losing consciousness.
  • Difficulty in speech.
  • Loss of vision or blurred vision.
  • Paralysis of one side of the body.
  • Weakness and fall in pulse rate noticed in one arm compared to the other.
  • Difficulty in movement.
  • Paralysis of the legs.
  • Pain in the legs.

Causes

  • Weakening of the aortic wall causes aortic dissection.
  • High blood pressure for long period of time can stress and weaken the aortic tissue leading it to tear.
  • Birth defects like Marfan syndrome or bicuspid aortic valve where the aorta is already weak and enlarged.
  • Tearing of the upper or lower part of the aorta.
  • Traumatic chest injuries especially in vehicle accidents.

Dangers resulting due to Aortic Dissection

It is the time which creates special alertness to people because the dissection of aorta channels blood outside the aorta. Some fatal complications may arise out of it. The blood flow through the normal lumen of aorta is hampered because of the rupture of the dissected artery and normal flow of the blood. Further complications happen due to the flow of blood around lungs and heart.

Factors responsible for dissection of Aorta

Age factor becomes one of the main factors to make oneself troubled with heart disorders. The significant factors can make it possible to raise the risk for aortic dissection. The factors are namely the habit of in taking tobacco, having high blood pressure, prior surgery of the heart, pregnancy. Cocaine use can cause several abnormalities to happen in the cardiovascular system.

Types of Aortic Dissection

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The aorta travels upward when it leaves the heart and it is termed as the ascending aorta. It passes from the chest into the abdomen and is known as the descending aorta. Dissections in the ascending section are termed as type- A and dissections in the descending section are termed as type-B. The type B dissections are considered to be less harmful than type A.

Treatment of Aortic Dissections

Every complication can be cured by proper treatments. As aortic dissection is a much vital disorder, it needs much more attention. The dissection of type A is needs surgeries. The type B can be healed with proper dosage of medicines.

Causes of Aortic Dissection

Periodic levels of blood pressure need to be checked. As high blood pressure is extremely harmful for aortic dissections, it causes the walls of arteries to get detoriated. The sudden unbearable pain makes it intolerable to adjust the aortic dissection. The pain normally covers the area across the chest but it also takes place in the back between the shoulder blades. The other causes of aortic dissection results from factors such as hereditary connective tissue disorders. It may result from birth defects of the heart and blood vessels, defects of the aortic valve. When a person receives a fall or faces the attack of car crush, then the chances of getting attacks increases.

Aortic dissections may occur before people start becoming much old. It happens rarely that dissections happen due to inserting catheter by doctors during the processes of aortography and angiography. It may happen while conducting surgeries in heart and blood vessels. It is rarely observed that one suffers from aortic dissections due to inserting of catheter. The sufferings can be reduced by checking and maintaining the blood pressure level. High blood pressure can trigger much to raise the risk of aortic dissection. It results into the ages between fifty to seventy. Bicuspid aortic valve is one such factor resulting into aortic dissection. Pregnancy is termed to be a rare cause for occurrence of aortic dissection. Blunt trauma is another factor resulting into aortic dissection. Timely alertness and treatment can heal the risks of aortic dissection. The periodic heart check-ups are much required to be done. A person needs to start treatment once the causes of aortic dissection are diagnosed.

Symptoms of Aortic Dissection

The symptoms of every disorder is needed to be identified as soon as possible. The symptoms are the indications of each disease. Sudden changes bring exhaustive pains which are considered as one of the primary causes of aortic dissection. It is described as tearing or ripping. The varied symptoms help to treat the patient properly. In order to ensure sustainable living, there is the need to identify the symptoms. One can suffer from aortic dissection followed by nausea. The major threat will be sweating IQ. The person is at risk as the person suffers from shortness of breath and weakness does not allow to lead stable life. The other symptoms may occur in the locations nearby to the dissection. Some of the branch arteries may get affected.

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The presenting symptoms indicate that the coronary arteries which supply blood to the heart, begin at the origin of the aorta at the aortic valve. Due to the involvement of functioning of coronary arteries, the person has the higher possibilities of receiving heart attacks. Congestive heart failure results when fluid builds in the lungs. If the aortic dissection involves aortic valve and the failure of it causes the blood to flow back to the heart and reaches the lungs. It is in most of the cases, human beings are unable to realize the types of pains and most importantly the inability to differentiate types of pains result into more serious forms.

The pains arising from aortic dissection and heart attack are almost similar in nature. One needs to differentiate the types of pains because the pain released due to aortic dissection, is onset and of sudden happenings. It is again said that the pain of abdominal aortic dissection, is similar to the pain of kidney stone. It can be diagnosed by conducting City Scan. The patient may suffer from weakness, anxiety and depression.